Sharing borderlines with Myanmar in the east, Assam in its western and northern periphery, Arunachal Pradesh in its northeast and Manipur in the south, Nagaland’s blue-hued mountains and emerald landscapes makes it an intriguing world of ancient rituals and a land of tribal richness.
Three parallel mountain ranges running from north to south form a jagged line to create the backbone of Nagaland; these are the Patkai, Barail and Naga ranges from which flow numerous rivers of which the most significant are the Dikhu and the Doyang. The rugged mountainous terrain is highest in Saramati in the Tuesang district, which is 3,840 m above sea level. Japfu Peak at 3014 m is the highest peak in Kohima district.This lush green homeland of the Nagas was formally inaugurated as the state of Nagaland in 1963, making it the 16th State of the Indian Union. Tiger, leopard, elephant, sambar, wild buffalo and bear inhibit its deep jungles.
Nagas have evolved into a generic term for many tribal communities in the North East. Of the 32 such tribes, 16 major and numerous sub-tribes spread over Nagaland’s eleven districts; primary amongst them are the Angami, Sumi, Konyak, Lotha, Ao, Chakhesang, Phom, Sangtam, Phom, Chang, Yimchunger, Khiamniungan, Zeliang, Pochury and Rengma, each with their own distinct culture and lifestyle. All Nagas were originally animist by tradition, but over time most of the population embraced Christianity under the influence of American missionaries.
The Nagas were also recruited by the English as labour corps to serve in France during the Second World War. They were highly commended for their loyalty and bravery. Naga society is a richly woven unit where ancient tenets still play an important role even in today’s contemporary life. This land of myths and festivals, brave warriors and a rich cultural heritage welcomes all those who have a heart for adventure.