The former princely state of Tripura (Hill Tipperah) finds mention in ancient Indian texts such as The Mahabharat and the Ain-I-Akbari and upon a pillar, now in Allahabad, which was erected by King Samudragupa. The history of this proud kingdom is recorded in the Rajmala, the state chronicle maintained by Brahmin purohits. Ruled once by a series of 183 kings, the kingdom reached its zenith in 1490 under Maharaja Dhanya Manikya. In time Hill Tipperah was to come in conflict with the Mughal governors of Bengal during the decline of that great empire.
Much of what had been the outer reaches of Tripura, were lost to the British when they took over Bengal. The kingdom of Tripura was eventually absorbed into the Indian Union in 1947.
Tripura has been greatly influenced by Bengal (parts of which were once an integral part of the kingdom) culturally and spiritually; Bengali was the court language. So don’t be too surprised if driving along the roads you espy shrines dedicated to Kali, the important deity of Bengal.
The cultural and religious learning of about 20 different tribal communities, in addition to all this makes Tripura a wonderful amalgam cross-cultural diversity. Though each ethnic community enjoys its own individual cultural strengths, this melting point is often referred to as “a laboratory of exotic cultural synthesis”. This tiny state is now emerging slowly into India’s travel arena.